Child Support in Thailand

In situations of separation or divorce in Thailand, ensuring the financial well-being of children remains paramount. Child support, also known as maintenance for a child, is a legal obligation placed on a parent to contribute financially to their child’s upbringing. This guide delves into the essential aspects of child support in Thailand, outlining its legal framework, determining factors, and potential considerations for navigating this critical aspect of child custody arrangements.

The Legal Basis for Child Support in Thailand:

The Civil and Commercial Code (CCC) of Thailand forms the legal foundation for child support obligations. The CCC states that both parents have a joint responsibility to support their children, regardless of their marital status.

Factors Determining Child Support:

When determining the child support amount, the court considers several factors:

  • The needs of the child: This encompasses essential living expenses like food, clothing, shelter, education, healthcare, and extracurricular activities, taking into account the child’s age, standard of living, and any special needs.
  • The financial capacity of each parent: The court assesses each parent’s income, earning potential, assets, and liabilities to establish their financial capacity to contribute towards child support.
  • Existing living arrangements: The court considers the child’s primary residence and whether one parent is already providing additional financial support beyond basic needs.

Calculating Child Support:

While Thailand doesn’t have a pre-defined formula for calculating child support, courts typically consider a percentage of the paying parent’s net income after essential deductions (income tax, social security contributions). The percentage may vary depending on the factors mentioned above, but typically falls between 15% and 30% of the net income.

Methods of Payment:

Child support payments in Thailand can be made in various ways:

  • Regular monthly payments: This is the most common method, ensuring consistent financial support for the child.
  • Lump-sum payment: In specific circumstances, the court may order a one-time payment to cover a significant expense, such as educational costs.
  • Transfer of assets: In rare cases, the court may order the transfer of assets, such as real estate, to fulfill child support obligations.

Enforcement of Child Support:

If the parent obligated to pay child support fails to fulfill their financial responsibility, the other parent can enforce the court order through various legal avenues:

  • Filing a complaint with the court: This can lead to fines, imprisonment, or wage garnishment for the non-paying parent.
  • Seeking assistance from the government: The Department of Welfare, Protection and Development of Children and Youth (DWP) can offer support in enforcing child support orders.

Additional Considerations:

  • Modification of child support: In cases of significant changes in the child’s needs or the financial circumstances of either parent, the court can modify the child support amount upon request.
  • Death of the paying parent: In such cases, the court may order financial support from the deceased parent’s estate or social security benefits, if applicable.
  • Foreign parents: Child support arrangements involving foreign parents can be more complex and may require additional legal considerations and potential application of international conventions.

Seeking Legal Guidance:

Navigating child support matters in Thailand can be intricate and necessitate specialized knowledge. Consulting with a qualified lawyer experienced in Thai family law is highly recommended. They can:

  • Explain your rights and obligations regarding child support.
  • Assist you in calculating a reasonable amount of child support based on relevant factors.
  • Represent you in court proceedings for determining or enforcing child support orders.
  • Advise you on the legal options available and guide you through the process effectively.


Ensuring the financial support of children remains a crucial concern in child custody arrangements in Thailand. Understanding the legal framework, determining factors, and seeking guidance from a qualified lawyer can empower individuals to navigate the complexities of child support effectively, contributing to the well-being and financial stability of their children. Remember, this guide offers a general overview, and it is essential to consult with legal professionals for specific advice regarding your individual circumstances.

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